From Colonialism to Imperialism

Controversial Issues on National Question

Elif Çağlı

August 2002

In From Colonialism to Imperialism Elif Çağlı examines the prevailing misconceptions of imperialism and their consequences which meant distortion of Marxism leading to crippling of proletarian revolutionary struggle. She demonstrates that this distortion starts with equating colonialism and imperialism and leads to separation of anti-imperialist struggle and struggle for proletarian revolution against capitalist system, to reduction of anti-imperialist struggle to a mere question of "national independence", to emergence of extremely false theories in the example of "neo-colonialism".




Colonialist expansionism and change

Formation of monopolies and transition period to imperialism

Imperialism and importance of capital export

Imperialism is the international expansionism of finance capital

"Dependence" question in the imperialist epoch

Imperialism rises above monopolist competition

Imperialism is the domination of finance capital

Inseperable part of imperialist epoch: Wars for hegemony

Anti-imperialist struggle cannot be reduced to national liberation struggle


Imperialism and the change in colonial countries

Imperialist epoch and national liberation struggles

Imperialism and the question of political independence

Imperialist era and the distinction between just and unjust wars


National question in the era of the first four congresses of the Comintern

First Congress of the Comintern (March 1919)

Second All-Russian Congress of the Communist Parties of Eastern People (November 1919)

Second Congress of the Comintern (July 1920)

First Congress of Eastern Peoples (Baku, September 1920)

The Climate before the Third Congress and the problem of Turkey

The Third Congress of the Comintern (June-July 1921)

First Congress of Far Eastern Communist and Revolutionary Organisations (January 1922)

The Fourth Congress of the Comintern (November -December 1922)