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Questioning of an Historical Period
May 1991
Tarih Bilinci Publisher
tarihbilinci@hotmail.com

Theory and History series: 4

1st edition: October 2001

2nd edition: June 2005

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In the Light of Marxism

Questioning of an Historical Period

Elif Çağlı

May 1991






Is there any room for a "socialism in one country" in Marx's scientific theory of socialism? Is there a separate socio-economic formation called "socialism" in itself independent from communism in Marx's theory? Can the socialist organisation of society (which is classless society) be compatible with the simultaneous presence of a "nation-state"? Can there really be a workers' democracy if the workers do not rule, even if there is a state conducting "in the name of" the working class, organised in a bureaucratic manner with its professional army and police, judicial and administrative machinery? Or, in such a "workers" state, in whose hands would be the real power: in the hands of workers, or of some others? In this book, Elif Çağlı deals with these questions and other similar ones, and gives answers on the basis of Marxism.


INDEX


Publisher’s Introduction

Author’s Foreword

INTRODUCTION

I. THE HISTORICAL MISSION OF THE PROLETARIAT

II. THE QUESTION OF STATE IN MARXISM

The Historical Course of State

Workers’ State: A State Withering Away From the Very Beginning

The Experience of Paris Commune

The Worker’s State Defined by Marxism is a State Without Bureaucracy

On the Concept of "Proletarian Dictatorship"

III. THE TRANSITION PERIOD: A PERIOD OF REVOLUTIONARY TRANSFORMATIONS

The Theoretical Conception of Transition Period as Defined by Marx

Transition Period is not a Stagnant Period

Transition Period is Linked With World Revolution

IV. THE FATE OF THE ISOLATED REVOLUTION

The Birth of Worker’s Soviets’ State with the October Revolution of 1917

1918-1921: The Life and Death Struggle of the Soviet Worker’s Power

1921-1924: The Bureaucratic Degeneration of the State and the Party

1924-1928: The Process of Bureaucratic Counter-Revolution

1928-1936: Reinforcement of the Bureaucratic Dictatorship

Other Bureaucratic Regimes

V. THE TRANSITION PERIOD CEASES TO EXIT UNDER BUREAUCRATIC DICTATORSHIP

The Ideology of the Bureaucratic State

The Characteristics of the Bureaucratic Regime

Historical Gain?

Bureaucracy is a State-Based Class

Bureaucratic Regime has No Future

VI. TROTSKY'S VIEWS ON THE USSR

From 1929 to 1936

1936, “The Revolution Betrayed” and After

VII. FREEZING TROTSKY'S ANALYSES

Mandel’s Concept of “Transition Society”

VIII. CRITIQUE OF THE THEORY OF THE "STATE CAPITALISM"

What is, and is not, State Capitalism?

On the Theory of State Capitalism in General

The Question of Accumulation

The Question of Military Competition

The Question of the Law of Value

Is Labour Power a Commodity in the USSR?

Has the Workings of the Law of Value Altered?

IX. DIFFERENT VIEWS ON THE USSR

On Rakovsky’s Assessments

On Max Shachtman’s Assessments

Those Who Consider “Bureaucratic Collectivism” as a World-wide Tendency

X. WHAT EVENTS SAY

XI. THE CONCLUSIONS DRAWN FROM THE HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE

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