In the Light of Marxism
Questioning of an Historical Period
Is there any room for a "socialism in one country" in Marx's scientific theory of socialism? Is there a separate socio-economic formation called "socialism" in itself independent from communism in Marx's theory? Can the socialist organisation of society (which is classless society) be compatible with the simultaneous presence of a "nation-state"? Can there really be a workers' democracy if the workers do not rule, even if there is a state conducting "in the name of" the working class, organised in a bureaucratic manner with its professional army and police, judicial and administrative machinery? Or, in such a "workers" state, in whose hands would be the real power: in the hands of workers, or of some others? In this book, Elif Çağlı deals with these questions and other similar ones, and gives answers on the basis of Marxism.
I. THE HISTORICAL MISSION OF THE PROLETARIAT
II. THE QUESTION OF STATE IN MARXISM
The Historical Course of State
Workers’ State: A State Withering Away From the Very Beginning
The Experience of Paris Commune
The Worker’s State Defined by Marxism is a State Without Bureaucracy
On the Concept of "Proletarian Dictatorship"
III. THE TRANSITION PERIOD: A PERIOD OF REVOLUTIONARY TRANSFORMATIONS
The Theoretical Conception of Transition Period as Defined by Marx
Transition Period is not a Stagnant Period
Transition Period is Linked With World Revolution
IV. THE FATE OF THE ISOLATED REVOLUTION
The Birth of Worker’s Soviets’ State with the October Revolution of 1917
1918-1921: The Life and Death Struggle of the Soviet Worker’s Power
1921-1924: The Bureaucratic Degeneration of the State and the Party
1924-1928: The Process of Bureaucratic Counter-Revolution
1928-1936: Reinforcement of the Bureaucratic Dictatorship
Other Bureaucratic Regimes
V. THE TRANSITION PERIOD CEASES TO EXIT UNDER BUREAUCRATIC DICTATORSHIP
The Ideology of the Bureaucratic State
The Characteristics of the Bureaucratic Regime
Bureaucracy is a State-Based Class
Bureaucratic Regime has No Future
VI. TROTSKY'S VIEWS ON THE USSR
From 1929 to 1936
1936, “The Revolution Betrayed” and After
VII. FREEZING TROTSKY'S ANALYSES
Mandel’s Concept of “Transition Society”
VIII. CRITIQUE OF THE THEORY OF THE "STATE CAPITALISM"
What is, and is not, State Capitalism?
On the Theory of State Capitalism in General
The Question of Accumulation
The Question of Military Competition
The Question of the Law of Value
Is Labour Power a Commodity in the USSR?
Has the Workings of the Law of Value Altered?
IX. DIFFERENT VIEWS ON THE USSR
On Rakovsky’s Assessments
On Max Shachtman’s Assessments
Those Who Consider “Bureaucratic Collectivism” as a World-wide Tendency
X. WHAT EVENTS SAY
XI. THE CONCLUSIONS DRAWN FROM THE HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE